Rugs from the area of Turkestan which formerly included the three Soviet States of Turkmen, Uzbek, and Kazakh are generally known as Turkoman. Turkoman carpets are also woven in Afghanistan. The Persian knot is primarily used in this area. Afghan-style rugs have more characteristics in common with the nomadic weaving of Central Asia than they do with sophisticated Iranian carpets. The majority of rugs from Afghanistan are made by rural villagers and nomadic tribesmen, although some do come from established weaving centers.

Designs from Afghanistan will rarely show animal or human forms due to religious beliefs, but do have identifiable geometric styles in dark, somber colors. The most popular styles include the Ersari, Bokhara and the Belouch.

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